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Wimbledon 2018: Câteva date despre turneul feminin. Analiză succintă a tabloului.

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Slideshow – 5 imagini: Simona şi Darren la antrenamentul de ieri

Astăzi va începe la Londra turneul de Mare Şlem Wimbledon 2018.

Turneul feminin şi-a desfăşurat prima ediţie în 1884 – proba de simplu şi în 1913 – proba de dublu.
La sfârşitul ştirii, finalele din Era Open la simplu – cu Martina Navratilova recordmenă a titluri câştigate: 9, urmată de Steffi Graf şi Serena Williams: câte 7 – şi cele de dublu, cu Virginia Ruzici, finalistă în 1978 şi Monica Niculescu, anul trecut.

Întrecerile se desfăşoară la All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club care acum are 18 terenuri, destinate partidelor oficiale. Terenul Central, dotat cu un acoperiş retractabil, are 15.000 de locuri. Terenul 1 are 11.500 de locuri şi va beneficia de un acoperiş retractabil la ediţia 2019. Terenul 2, inaugurat în 2009, are 4.000 de locuri.

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La actuala ediţie, premiile totale – feminin, masculin (egale) şi dublu mixt – sunt în valoare de 34.000.000 £, în creştere cu 17% faţă de anul trecut.

În probele de simplu şi dublu feminin, punctele WTA şi premiile acordate (la dublu sunt indicate / pereche) pentru fiecare fază a turneului sunt următoarele:

Tur Simplu Dublu
Puncte Premiu (mii £) Puncte Premiu (mii £)
R128 10 39
R64 70 63 10 11.5
R32 130 100 130 17.75
R16 240 163 240 29
QF 430 281 430 56
SF 780 562 780 112
F 1300 1.125 1300 225
C 2000 2.250 2000 450

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Deţinătoarea titlului la simplu – Garbiñe Muguruza – este prezentă, fiind cotată cap de serie 3.
Din echipa campioană anul trecut este prezentă doar Ekaterina Makarova – face pereche cu Vera Zvonareva şi nu sunt capi de serie – Elena Vesnina retrăgându-se din cauza unei accidentări la genunchi.

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8 jucătoare au primit invitaţii (wild card) – 6 din Marea Britanie: Katie Boulter (122 WTA),  Naomi Broady (138),  Harriet Dart (171),  Gabriella Taylor (180), Katie Swan (204), Katy Dunne (212) +  Ons Jabeur (Tunisia, 130),  Tereza Smitkova (Cehia, 168).

12 jucătoare au promovat din calificări.

6 jucătoare s-au retras:

  • Timea Bacsinszky , după tragerea la sorţi, înlocuită de Mariana Duque Mariño (96) [LL]
  • Catherine Bellis,  Sara Errani, Beatriz Haddad Maia, Laura Siegemund, Elena Vesnina

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Capii de serie au fost repartizaţi astfel pe tablou:

Jumătatea superioară

  • sfertul 1
    • optimea 1: Halep [1], Pavlyuchenkova [30] (Bogdan), Konta [22], Mertens [15]
    • optimea 2: Ostapenko [12], Sharapova [24], Gavrilova [26], Kvitova [8]
  • sfertul 2
    • optimea 1: Muguruza [3], Kontaveit [28], Barty [17], Kasatkina [14]
    • optimea 2: Kerber [11], Osaka [18] (Niculescu), Suárez Navarro [27], Garcia [6]

Jumătatea inferioară

  • sfertul 3
    • optimea 1: Ka. Pliskova [7], Buzărnescu [29] (Begu), Bertens [20], V. Williams [9] (Dulgheru)
    • optimea 2: Görges [13], Strycova [23], Zhang [31], Stephens [4]
  • sfertul 4:
    • optimea 1: Svitolina [5], S. Williams [25], Rybarikova [19] (Cîrstea), Keys [10]
    • optimea 2: Vandeweghe [16], Sevastova [21], Radwanska [32] (Ruse), Wozniacki [2]

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Tablourile turneelor de Grand Slam şi WTA

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Finalele de simplu

1968  USA Billie Jean King  AUS Judy Tegart 9–7, 7–5
1969  GBR Ann Jones  USA Billie Jean King 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1970  AUS Margaret Court  USA Billie Jean King 14–12, 11–9
1971  AUS Evonne Goolagong  AUS Margaret Court 6–4, 6–1
1972  USA Billie Jean King  AUS Evonne Goolagong 6–3, 6–3
1973  USA Billie Jean King  USA Chris Evert 6–0, 7–5
1974  USA Chris Evert  URS Olga Morozova 6–0, 6–4
1975  USA Billie Jean King  AUS Evonne Goolagong Cawley 6–0, 6–1
1976  USA Chris Evert  AUS Evonne Goolagong Cawley 6–3, 4–6, 8–6
1977  GBR Virginia Wade  NED Betty Stöve 4–6, 6–3, 6–1
1978  USA Martina Navratilova[i][11]  USA Chris Evert 2–6, 6–4, 7–5
1979  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Chris Evert Lloyd 6–4, 6–4
1980  AUS Evonne Goolagong Cawley  USA Chris Evert Lloyd 6–1, 7–6(7–4)
1981  USA Chris Evert Lloyd  TCH[h] Hana Mandlíková 6–2, 6–2
1982  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Chris Evert Lloyd 6–1, 3–6, 6–2
1983  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Andrea Jaeger 6–0, 6–3
1984  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Chris Evert Lloyd 7–6(7–5), 6–2
1985  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Chris Evert Lloyd 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
1986  USA Martina Navratilova  TCH Hana Mandlíková 7–6(7–1), 6–3
1987  USA Martina Navratilova  FRG[j] Steffi Graf 7–5, 6–3
1988  FRG[j] Steffi Graf  USA Martina Navratilova 5–7, 6–2, 6–1
1989  FRG Steffi Graf  USA Martina Navratilova 6–2, 6–7(1–7), 6–1
1990  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Zina Garrison 6–4, 6–1
1991  GER Steffi Graf  ARG Gabriela Sabatini 6–4, 3–6, 8–6
1992  GER Steffi Graf  YUG Monica Seles 6–2, 6–1
1993  GER Steffi Graf  CZE Jana Novotná 7–6(8–6), 1–6, 6–4
1994  ESP Conchita Martínez  USA Martina Navratilova 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1995  GER Steffi Graf  ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 4–6, 6–1, 7–5
1996  GER Steffi Graf  ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 7–5
1997   SUI Martina Hingis  CZE Jana Novotná 2–6, 6–3, 6–3
1998  CZE Jana Novotná  FRA Nathalie Tauziat 6–4, 7–6(7–2)
1999  USA Lindsay Davenport  GER Steffi Graf 6–4, 7–5
2000  USA Venus Williams  USA Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 7–6(7–3)
2001  USA Venus Williams  BEL Justine Henin 6–1, 3–6, 6–0
2002  USA Serena Williams  USA Venus Williams 7–6(7–4), 6–3
2003  USA Serena Williams  USA Venus Williams 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
2004  RUS Maria Sharapova  USA Serena Williams 6–1, 6–4
2005  USA Venus Williams  USA Lindsay Davenport 4–6, 7–6(7–4), 9–7
2006  FRA Amélie Mauresmo  BEL Justine Henin 2–6, 6–3, 6–4
2007  USA Venus Williams  FRA Marion Bartoli 6–4, 6–1
2008  USA Venus Williams  USA Serena Williams 7–5, 6–4
2009  USA Serena Williams  USA Venus Williams 7–6(7–3), 6–2
2010  USA Serena Williams  RUS Vera Zvonareva 6–3, 6–2
2011  CZE Petra Kvitová  RUS Maria Sharapova 6–3, 6–4
2012  USA Serena Williams  POL Agnieszka Radwańska 6–1, 5–7, 6–2
2013  FRA Marion Bartoli  GER Sabine Lisicki 6–1, 6–4
2014  CZE Petra Kvitová  CAN Eugenie Bouchard 6–3, 6–0
2015  USA Serena Williams  ESP Garbiñe Muguruza 6–4, 6–4
2016  USA Serena Williams  GER Angelique Kerber 7–5, 6–3
2017  ESP Garbiñe Muguruza  USA Venus Williams 7–5, 6–0

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Finalale de dublu

1968 United States Rosemary Casals
United States Billie Jean King
France Françoise Dürr
United Kingdom Ann Jones
3–6, 6–4, 7–5
1969 Australia Margaret Court
Australia Judy Tegart
United States Patti Hogan
United States Peggy Michel
9–7, 6–2
1970 United States Rosemary Casals
United States Billie Jean King
France Françoise Dürr
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
6–2, 6–3
1971 United States Rosemary Casals
United States Billie Jean King
Australia Margaret Court
Australia Evonne Goolagong
6–3, 6–2
1972 United States Billie Jean King
Netherlands Betty Stöve
Australia Judy Dalton
France Françoise Dürr
6–2, 4–6, 6–3
1973 United States Rosemary Casals
United States Billie Jean King
France Françoise Dürr
Netherlands Betty Stöve
6–1, 4–6, 7–5
1974 Australia Evonne Goolagong
United States Peggy Michel
Australia Helen Gourlay
Australia Karen Krantzcke
2–6, 6–4, 6–3
1975 United States Ann Kiyomura
Japan Kazuko Sawamatsu
France Françoise Dürr
Netherlands Betty Stöve
7–5, 1–6, 7–5
1976 United States Chris Evert
Czechoslovakia Martina Navrátilová
United States Billie Jean King
Netherlands Betty Stöve
6–1, 3–6, 7–5
1977 Australia Helen Gourlay
United States JoAnne Russell
United States Martina Navratilova
Netherlands Betty Stöve
6–3, 6–3
1978 Australia Kerry Reid
Australia Wendy Turnbull
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Mima Jaušovec
Romania Virginia Ruzici
4–6, 9–8(12–10), 6–3
1979 United States Billie Jean King
United States Martina Navratilova
Netherlands Betty Stöve
Australia Wendy Turnbull
5–7, 6–3, 6–2
1980 United States Kathy Jordan
United States Anne Smith
United States Rosemary Casals
Australia Wendy Turnbull
4–6, 7–5, 6–1
1981 United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
United States Kathy Jordan
United States Anne Smith
6–3, 7–6(8–6)
1982 United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
United States Kathy Jordan
United States Anne Smith
6–4, 6–1
1983 United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
United States Rosemary Casals
Australia Wendy Turnbull
6–2, 6–2
1984 United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
United States Kathy Jordan
United States Anne Smith
6–3, 6–4
1985 United States Kathy Jordan
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
5–7, 6–3, 6–4
1986 United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková
Australia Wendy Turnbull
6–1, 6–3
1987 West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
United States Betsy Nagelsen
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
7–5, 7–5
1988 West Germany Steffi Graf
Argentina Gabriela Sabatini
Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 1–6, 12–10
1989 Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 6–2
1990 Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
United States Kathy Jordan
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
6–3, 6–4
1991 Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko Neiland
Soviet Union Natalia Zvereva
United States Gigi Fernández
Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
6–4, 3–6, 6–4
1992 United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
Latvia Larisa Savchenko Neiland
Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
6–4, 6–1
1993 United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
Latvia Larisa Savchenko Neiland
Czech Republic Jana Novotná
6–4, 6–7(4–7), 6–4
1994 United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
Czech Republic Jana Novotná
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–4, 6–1
1995 Czech Republic Jana Novotná
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
5–7, 7–5, 6–4
1996 Switzerland Martina Hingis
Czech Republic Helena Suková
United States Meredith McGrath
Latvia Larisa Savchenko Neiland
5–7, 7–5, 6–1
1997 United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
United States Nicole Arendt
Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
7–6(7–4), 6–4
1998 Switzerland Martina Hingis
Czech Republic Jana Novotná
United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 3–6, 8–6
1999 United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Corina Morariu
South Africa Mariaan de Swardt
Ukraine Elena Tatarkova
6–4, 6–4
2000 United States Serena Williams
United States Venus Williams
France Julie Halard-Decugis
Japan Ai Sugiyama
6–3, 6–2
2001 United States Lisa Raymond
Australia Rennae Stubbs
Belgium Kim Clijsters
Japan Ai Sugiyama
6–4, 6–3
2002 United States Serena Williams
United States Venus Williams
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual
Argentina Paola Suárez
6–2, 7–5
2003 Belgium Kim Clijsters
Japan Ai Sugiyama
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual
Argentina Paola Suárez
6–4, 6–4
2004 Zimbabwe Cara Black
Australia Rennae Stubbs
South Africa Liezel Huber
Japan Ai Sugiyama
6–3, 7–6(7–5)
2005 Zimbabwe Cara Black
South Africa Liezel Huber
Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova
France Amélie Mauresmo
6–2, 6–1
2006 China Yan Zi
China Zheng Jie
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual
Argentina Paola Suárez
6–3, 3–6, 6–2
2007 Zimbabwe Cara Black
South Africa Liezel Huber
Slovenia Katarina Srebotnik
Japan Ai Sugiyama
3–6, 6–3, 6–2
2008 United States Serena Williams
United States Venus Williams
United States Lisa Raymond
Australia Samantha Stosur
6–2, 6–2
2009 United States Serena Williams
United States Venus Williams
Australia Samantha Stosur
Australia Rennae Stubbs
7–6(7–4), 6–4
2010 United States Vania King
Kazakhstan Yaroslava Shvedova
Russia Elena Vesnina
Russia Vera Zvonareva
7–6(8–6), 6–2
2011 Czech Republic Květa Peschke
Slovenia Katarina Srebotnik
Germany Sabine Lisicki
Australia Samantha Stosur
6–3, 6–1
2012 United States Serena Williams
United States Venus Williams
Czech Republic Andrea Hlaváčková
Czech Republic Lucie Hradecká
7–5, 6–4
2013 Chinese Taipei Hsieh Su-wei
China Peng Shuai
Australia Ashleigh Barty
Australia Casey Dellacqua
7–6(7–1), 6–1
2014 Italy Sara Errani
Italy Roberta Vinci
Hungary Tímea Babos
France Kristina Mladenovic
6–1, 6–3
2015 Switzerland Martina Hingis
India Sania Mirza
Russia Ekaterina Makarova
Russia Elena Vesnina
5–7, 7–6(7–4), 7–5
2016 United States Serena Williams
United States Venus Williams
Hungary Tímea Babos
Kazakhstan Yaroslava Shvedova
6–3, 6–4
2017 Russia Ekaterina Makarova
Russia Elena Vesnina
Chinese Taipei Chan Hao-ching
Romania Monica Niculescu
6–0, 6–0

Credit Info: wikipedia.org

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